C# 程序只启动一次

方法1:
只禁止多个进程运行

[STAThread]
public static void Main()
{
bool ret;
System.Threading.Mutex mutex = new System.Threading.Mutex(true, Application.ProductName, out ret);
if (ret)
{
System.Windows.Forms.Application.EnableVisualStyles(); //这两行实现 XP 可视风格
System.Windows.Forms.Application.DoEvents();
System.Windows.Forms.Application.Run(new Main());
// Main 为你程序的主窗体,如果是控制台程序不用这句
mutex.ReleaseMutex();
}
else
{
MessageBox.Show(null, “有一个和本程序相同的应用程序已经在运行,请不要同时运行多个本程序。/n/n这个程序即将退出。”, Application.ProductName, MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Warning);
// 提示信息,可以删除。
Application.Exit();//退出程序
}
}

方法2:
只禁止多个同一进程运行

using System;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Reflection;

[STAThread]
static void Main()
{
if (IsRunning())
{
MessageBox.Show(null, “应用程序已经在运行”, Application.ProductName, MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Warning);
return;
}
///代码块///
}

#region 检测程序是否已经启动
private static bool IsRunning()
{
Process current = Process.GetCurrentProcess();
Process[] processes = Process.GetProcessesByName(current.ProcessName);

//Loop through the running processes in with the same name
foreach (Process process in processes)
{
//Ignore the current process
if (process.Id != current.Id)
{
//Make sure that the process is running from the exe file.
//if (Assembly.GetEntryAssembly().Location.Replace(“/”, “//”) == current.MainModule.FileName)
//如果下面这个不好用的话,改为上面的语句。下面有时取到的是dll的名称,上面是应用程序的名称
if (Assembly.GetExecutingAssembly().Location.Replace(“/”, “//”) == current.MainModule.FileName)
{
//Return the other process instance.
return true;
}
}

}
//No other instance was found, return null.
return false;

}

#endregion

方法3:
禁止多个进程运行,并重复运行进程时激活之前的进程

[STAThread]
public static void Main()
{
//Get the running instance.
Process instance = RunningInstance();
if (instance == null)
{
System.Windows.Forms.Application.EnableVisualStyles(); //这两行实现 XP 可视风格
System.Windows.Forms.Application.DoEvents();
//There isn’t another instance, show our form.
Application.Run(new Main());
}
else
{
//There is another instance of this process.
HandleRunningInstance(instance);
}
}
public static Process RunningInstance()
{
Process current = Process.GetCurrentProcess();
Process[] processes = Process.GetProcessesByName(current.ProcessName);
//Loop through the running processes in with the same name
foreach (Process process in processes)
{
//Ignore the current process
if (process.Id != current.Id)
{
//Make sure that the process is running from the exe file.
if (Assembly.GetExecutingAssembly().Location.Replace(“/”, “//”) == current.MainModule.FileName)
{
//Return the other process instance.
return process;
}
}
}
//No other instance was found, return null.
return null;
}
public static void HandleRunningInstance(Process instance)
{
//Make sure the window is not minimized or maximized
ShowWindowAsync(instance.MainWindowHandle, WS_SHOWNORMAL);
//Set the real intance to foreground window
SetForegroundWindow(instance.MainWindowHandle);
}
[DllImport(“User32.dll”)]
private static extern bool ShowWindowAsync(IntPtr hWnd, int cmdShow);
[DllImport(“User32.dll”)]
private static extern bool SetForegroundWindow(IntPtr hWnd);
private const int WS_SHOWNORMAL = 1;